Strategic Partnership Agreement Between The European Union And Japan

Most importantly, the SDG opens an era of global cooperation between the EU and Japan in many areas, such as climate change and environmental protection, information society and cybercrime, space policy, development and economic policy, culture, science, technology and industrial cooperation, anti-corruption , money laundering, illicit drugs and terrorism, or the issue of weapons of mass destruction and conventional weapons. Over the next few years, Brussels and Tokyo should use each of the clauses of this agreement to maximise its impact. The BSG also offers new opportunities for EU-Japan security cooperation, which could be an important geopolitical development. One of the drawbacks of the EPA between the EU and Japan is why it was possible to conclude this agreement so quickly and without incident. In 2016, when the EU was about to sign its agreement with Canada, the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), it had a nasty surprise because the Walloon region was opposed to the agreement and threatened to block it. Subsequently, with regard to the free trade agreement between the European Union and Singapore, the European Court of Justice decided that its dispute settlement mechanism for investments in shared powers between the EU and Member States was applicable, so that the agreement must be concluded jointly by the EU and its Member States. Since negotiations on an investment agreement have been slower, taking into account these two previous events, the issue of investment protection has been excluded from the EPA between the EU and Japan, so that the entry into force of the agreement cannot be delayed or totally prevented by a single Member State. Investment negotiations are continuing because the EU does not want to use the traditional investor-state dispute settlement system, but rather to create a permanent system of investment justice. The next meeting between EU and Japanese negotiators is scheduled for March 2019. The EU-Japan Strategic Partnership Agreement, which entered into force provisionally on 1 February 2019, is an appropriate instrument to facilitate global crisis exit efforts by encouraging bilateral cooperation between the European Union and Japan in a large number of pandemic-affected areas. In parallel with the GSB negotiations, the EU and its member countries began negotiations on 29 November 2012 for an economic partnership agreement with Japan. These began in April 2013 and the content of the first EU-Japan bilateral framework agreement was concluded in April 2018. Nevertheless, the definition and decision on a small number of political priorities does not guarantee that Brussels and Tokyo will go beyond the faster adoption phase of policies.

In fact, the past has shown that Brussels and Tokyo are not acting quickly. However, this issue should be clarified when common declarations and policies come out of the new EU-Japan Joint Committee, the forum at which Brussels and Tokyo discuss twice a year and decide what should be launched next. The last second joint committee was held in Brussels on 31 January 2020, one year after the provisional application of the SGT on 1 February 2019. It should be noted that the G.S.O. is only applied on an interim basis, as it has not yet been definitively approved. The agreement will enter into force after the agreement is ratified by all EU members (the Japanese Parliament ratified it in December 2018). In July 2018, Japan and the EU signed both the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) and the Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA). Both agreements have been described as the formal beginning of a new era of enhanced cooperation and global leadership between the two normative powers.